"At present, China's iron and steel industry is in a critical period of transformation and upgrading. Promoting technological and management innovation is conducive to promoting the modernization of the iron and steel industry, accelerating the historical leap of China's iron and steel industry from large to strong, and helping China to enter the ranks of manufacturing powers." On November 23, Miao Changxing, a first-class inspector of the industrial policy department of the Ministry of industry and information technology, said at the 2019 (eighth) China Steel Technology and economy high-end forum that the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China made a major judgment that China's economy has changed from a high-speed growth stage to a high-quality development stage. To promote high-quality development, we must unswervingly adhere to the main line of supply side structural reform and work hard on "consolidation, enhancement, upgrading and unblocking".
He believed that to promote high-quality development of the iron and steel industry, we should do a good job in five aspects: innovation development, integration development, green development, coordinated development, and improvement of management level.
Unswervingly follow the road of innovation and development
Miao Changxing said that to achieve high-quality economic development, China must have high-quality manufacturing industry as support. Innovation is the "bull's nose" for the high-quality development of manufacturing industry. Innovation must be placed at the core of the overall development of manufacturing industry, and the quality and efficiency of the supply system must be continuously improved.
He pointed out that in recent years, with the completion of the work of resolving excess capacity and cracking down on "strip steel", the supply system of iron and steel industry has been further optimized, but there are still many problems, such as the weak ability of independent innovation, the low level of green development, and the low added value of products.
Miao Changxing believes that only by relying on technological innovation to create a new engine for development, cultivate new momentum for development and create new space for development, can the steel industry continue to improve quality and efficiency, transform and upgrade, and move towards the middle and high end of the global value chain. The innovation and development of iron and steel industry should focus on the following four aspects:
First, strengthen the main position of technological innovation of enterprises. First of all, we need to improve the system and mechanism of technological research and development of enterprises' leading industries, promote the flow of innovative elements such as technology and talents to enterprises, and promote enterprises to improve the system and system construction of technological research and development. Secondly, we should establish a reasonable investment mechanism for scientific research, actively mobilize the strength of all aspects, and gradually establish a research investment mechanism with government investment as the guide, enterprise investment as the main body and social capital as the supplement.
Second, increase research and development of common key technologies. The iron and steel industry should give full play to the leading role of leading enterprises and the basic role of universities and scientific research institutes in combination with the needs of the current national economic development, encourage enterprises to explore and carry out various forms of collaborative innovation in industry, University, research and application, promote the opening and sharing of scientific and technological resources, strive to tackle a number of common key technologies, and solve the bottleneck problems in the development of the national economy 。
Third, strengthen the construction of innovative talents. The iron and steel industry should establish a multi-level talent training system, focus on training leading talents, constantly improve the incentive mechanism to encourage innovation, and fully mobilize the enthusiasm of scientific researchers.
Fourth, improve the ability of enterprises to use intellectual property rights. The iron and steel industry should actively carry out industrialization oriented patent layout, form a number of patent combinations in key core technology areas, build intellectual property reserves to support industrial development and enhance the competitiveness of enterprises, and further cultivate the ability of enterprises to use intellectual property rights, industrialization of innovative achievements, leap to the high end of the industrial chain and cope with international disputes.
Further promote integrated development
"The integration development mainly includes two aspects: the integration of new generation information technology and traditional industry, the integration of advanced manufacturing industry and modern service industry." Miao Changxing pointed out that integrated development is an important means to transform traditional manufacturing industry and cultivate advanced manufacturing industry. Compared with developed countries in Europe and the United States, the overall level of China's manufacturing industry is not high, and the stock of traditional manufacturing industries such as steel, light industry and machinery is huge. Transformation and upgrading have both pressure and potential.
Miao Changxing pointed out that the integration of the two is a long-term and strategic deployment made by the Party Central Committee and the State Council. In the context of the accelerated rise of the new industrial revolution, we need to accurately grasp the new requirements of the deep integration of the two modernizations in the new era, vigorously promote the deep integration of the new generation of information technology and manufacturing industry, promote the comprehensive digital transformation of manufacturing industry, and provide a strong impetus for China's economic transformation, quality improvement and efficiency enhancement.
He also pointed out that "integration of two industries" is an important feature of modern economic development, an inevitable trend of "integration of two industries", an important part of the adjustment of global industrial division system and pattern reconstruction, and an important way to conform to the new round of scientific and technological revolution and industrial change, enhance the core competitiveness of manufacturing industry, cultivate modern industrial system and realize high-quality development.
"In recent years, the pace of" integration of the two industries "in China has been accelerating, but there are also problems such as unbalanced development, weak coordination, insufficient depth, policy environment and institutional mechanism constraints. Recently, the relevant departments of the State Council just issued the implementation opinions on promoting the deep integration and development of advanced manufacturing industry and modern service industry, combing and proposing 10 typical business types and modes with great development potential and good prospects, which are closely related to the development of the iron and steel industry. " Miao Changxing said.
"The key to promoting the integration of the two industries in the iron and steel industry lies in how the iron and steel enterprises change from steel material suppliers to product and professional service solution providers." Miao Changxing stressed. "Integration of two industries" speeds up the deep integration of industrial technology and information technology, spawns new manufacturing modes such as networked collaborative manufacturing, personalized customization, service-oriented manufacturing, and promotes the intelligent process of manufacturing industry, which is "integration of two industries"